A Tribute to My First Political Science and Cultural Orientation Teacher, Dr. Amiri Baraka-The Poet That Drove the Movement
1967, Life Magazine. Billy Furr loots a case of soda a few minutes before he was shot and killed by Newark, N.J. police
Basic Unity Program Pledging unity... Promoting justice... Transcending compromise...
We, Afro-Americans, people who originated in Africa and now reside in America, speak out against the slavery and oppression inflicted upon us by this racist power structure. We offer to down-trodden Afro-American people courses of action that will conquer oppression, relieve suffering, and convert meaningless struggle into meaningful action.
Confident that our purpose will be achieved, we Afro-Americans from all walks of life make the following known:
Upon this establishment, we Afro-American people will launch a cultural revolution which will provide the means for restoring our identity that we might rejoin our brothers and sisters on the African continent, culturally, psychologically, economically, and share with them the sweet fruits of freedom from oppression and independence of racist governments. 1. The Organization of Afro-American Unity welcomes all persons of African origin to come together and dedicate their ideas, skills, and lives to free our people from oppression.
2. Branches of the Organization of Afro-American Unity may be established by people of African descent wherever they may be and whatever their ideology, as long as they be descendants of Africa and dedicated to our one goal: freedom from oppression.
3. The basic program of the Organization of Afro-American Unity which is now being presented can and will be modified by the membership, taking into consideration national, regional, and local conditions that require flexible treatment.
4. The Organization of Afro-American Unity encourages active participation of each member since we feel that each and every Afro-American has something to contribute to our freedom. Thus each member will be encouraged to participate in the committee of his or her choice.
5. Understanding the differences that have been created amongst us by our oppressors in order to keep us divided, the Organization of Afro-American Unity strives to ignore or submerge these artificial divisions by focusing our activities and our loyalties upon our one goal: freedom from oppression.
BASIC AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
We assert that we Afro-Americans have the right to direct and control our lives, our history, and our future rather than to have our destinies determined by American racists... We are determined to rediscover the true African culture, which was crushed and hidden for over four hundred years in order to enslave us and keep us enslaved up to today... We, Afro-Americans, enslaved, oppressed, and denied by a society that proclaims itself the citadel of democracy, are determined to rediscover our history, promote the talents that are suppressed by our racist enslavers, renew the culture that was crushed by a slave government and thereby, to again become a free people.
Sincerely believing that the future of Afro-Americans is dependent upon our ability to unite our ideas, skills, organizations, and institutions...
We, the Organization of Afro-American Unity pledge to join hands and hearts with all people of African origin in a grand alliance by forgetting all the differences that the power structure has created to keep up divided and enslaved. We further pledge to strengthen our common bond and strive toward one goal: freedom from oppression.
THE BASIC UNITY PROGRAM
The program of the Organization of Afro-American Unity shall evolve from five strategic points which are deemed basic and fundamental to our grand alliance. Through our committees we shall proceed in the following general areas:
In order to enslave the African it was necessary for our enslavers to completely sever our communications with the African continent and the Africans that remained there. In order to free ourselves from the oppression of our enslavers then, it is absolutely necessary for the Afro-American to restore communications with Africa. The Organization of Afro-American Unity will accomplish this goal by means of independent national and international newspapers, publishing ventures, personal contacts, and other available communications media.
We, Afro-Americans, must also communicate to one another the truths about American slavery and the terrible effects it has upon our people. We must study the modern system of slavery in order to free ourselves from it. We must search out all the bare and ugly facts without shame for we are still victims, still slaves, still oppressed. Our only shame is believing falsehood and not seeking the truth.
We must learn all that we can about ourselves. We will have to know the whole story of how we were kidnapped from Africa; how our ancestors were brutalized, dehumanized, and murdered; and how we continually kept in a state of slavery for the profit of a system conceived in slavery, built by slaves, and dedicated to keeping us enslaved in order to maintain itself.
We must begin to reeducate ourselves and become alert listeners in order to learn as much as we can about the progress of our motherland; Africa. We must correct in our minds the distorted image that our enslaver has portrayed to us of Africa that he might discourage us from reestablishing communications with her and thus obtain freedom from oppression.
In order to keep the Afro-American enslaved, it was necessary to limit our thinking to the shores of America, to prevent us from identifying our problems with the problems of other peoples of African origin. This made us consider ourselves an isolated minority without allies anywhere. The Organization of Afro-American Unity will develop in the Afro-American people a keen awareness of our relationship with the world at large and clarify our roles, rights, and responsibilities as human beings. We can accomplish this goal by becoming well informed concerning world affairs and understanding that our struggle is part of a larger world struggle of oppressed peoples against all forms of oppression. We must change the thinking of the Afro-American by liberating our minds through the study of philosophies and psychologies, cultures and languages that did not come from our racist oppressors. Provisions are being made for the study of languages such as Swahili, Hausa, and Arabic. These studies will give our people access to ideas and history of mankind at large and thus increase our mental scope.
We can learn much about Africa by reading informative books and by listening to the experiences of those who have traveled there, but many of us can travel to the land of our choice and experience for ourselves. The Organization of Afro-American Unity will encourage the Afro-American to travel to Africa, the Caribbean, and to other places where our culture has not been completely crushed by brutality and ruthlessness.
After enslaving us, the slave masters developed a racist educational system which justified to its posterity the evil deeds that had been committed against the African people and their descendants. Too often the slave himself participates so completely in this system that he justifies having been enslaved and oppressed.
The Organization of Afro-American Unity will devise original educational methods and procedures which will liberate the minds of our children from the vicious lies and distortions that are fed to us from the cradle to keep us mentally enslaved. We encourage Afro-Americans themselves to establish experimental institutes and educational workshops, liberation schools, and child-care centers in the Afro-American communities. We will influence the choice of textbooks and equipment used by our children in the public schools while at the same time encouraging qualified Afro-Americans to write and publish the textbooks needed to liberate our minds. Until we completely control our own educational institutions, we must supplement the formal training of our children by educating them at home.
IV. ECONOMIC SECURITY
After the Emancipation Proclamation, when the system of slavery changed from chattel slavery to wage slavery, it was realized that the Afro-American constituted the largest homogeneous ethnic group with a common origin and common group experience in the United States and, if allowed to exercise economic or political freedom, would in a short period of time own this country. Therefore racists in this government developed techniques that would keep the Afro-American people economically dependent upon the slave masters, economically slaves, twentieth-century slaves.
The Organization of Afro-American Unity will take measures to free our people from economic slavery. One way of accomplishing this will be to maintain a technician pool: that is, a bank of technicians. In the same manner that blood banks have been established to furnish blood to those who need it at the time it is needed, we must establish a technician bank. We must do this so that the newly independent nations of Africa can turn to us who are their Afro-American brothers for the technicians they will need now and in the future. Thereby, we will be developing an open market for the many skills we possess and at the same time we will be supplying Africa with the skills she can best use. This project will therefore be one of mutual cooperation and mutual benefit.
In order to enslave a people and keep them subjugated, their right to self-defense must be denied. They must be constantly terrorized, brutalized, and murdered. These tactics of suppression have been developed to a new high by vicious racists whom the United States government seems unwilling or incapable of dealing with in terms of the law of this land. Before the emancipation it was the Black man who suffered humiliation, torture, castration, and murder. Recently our women and children, more and more, are becoming the victims of savage racists whose appetite for blood increases daily and whose deeds of depravity seem to be openly encouraged by all law-enforcement agencies. Over five thousand Afro-Americans have been lynched since the Emancipation Proclamation and not one murderer has been brought to justice!
The Organization of Afro-American Unity, being aware of the increased violence being visited upon the Afro-American and of the open sanction of this violence and murder by the police departments throughout this country and the federal agencies, do affirm our right and obligation to defend ourselves in order to survive as a people.
We encourage the Afro-Americans to defend themselves against the wanton attacks of racist aggressors whose sole aim is to deny us the guarantees of the United Nations Charter of Human Rights and of the Constitution of the United States.
The Organization of Afro-American Unity will take those private steps that are necessary to insure the survival of the Afro-American people in the face of racist aggression and the defense of our women and children. We are within our rights to see to it that the Afro-American people who fulfill their obligations to the United States government (we pay taxes and serve in the armed forces of this country like American citizens do) also exact from this government the obligations that it owes us as a people, or exact these obligations ourselves. Needless to say, among this number we include protection of certain inalienable rights such as life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
In areas where the United States government has shown itself unable and/or unwilling to bring to justice the racist oppressors, murderers, who kill innocent children and adults, the Organization of Afro-American Unity advocates that the Afro-American people insure ourselves that justice is done, whatever the price and by any means necessary.
We Afro-Americans feel receptive toward all peoples of goodwill. We are not opposed to multiethnic associations in any walk of life. In fact, we have had experiences which enable us to understand how unfortunate it is that human beings have been set apart or aside from each other because of characteristics known as "racial" characteristics.
However, Afro-Americans did not create the prejudiced background and atmosphere in which we live. And we must face the facts. A "racial" society does exist in stark reality, and not with equality for Black people; so we who are nonwhite must meet the problems inherited from centuries of inequalities and deal with the present situations as rationally as we are able.
The exclusive ethnic quality of our unity is necessary for self-preservation. We say this because our experiences backed up by history show that African culture and Afro-American culture will not be accurately recognized and reported and cannot be respectably expressed nor be secure in its survival if we remain the divided, and therefore the helpless, victims of an oppressive society.
We appreciate the fact that when the people involved have real equality and justice, ethnic intermingling can be beneficial to all. We must denounce, however, all people who are oppressive through their policies or actions and who are lacking in justice in their dealings with other people, whether the injustices proceed from power, class, or "race." We must be unified in order to be protected from abuse or misuse.
We consider the word "integration" a misleading, false term. It carries with it certain implications to which Afro-Americans cannot subscribe. This terminology has been applied to the current regulation projects which are supposedly "acceptable" to some classes of society. This very "acceptable" implies some inherent superiority or inferiority instead of acknowledging the true source of the inequalities involved.
We have observed that the usage of the term "integration" was designated and promoted by those persons who expect to continue a (nicer) type of ethnic discrimination and who intend to maintain social and economic control of all human contacts by means of imagery, classifications, quotas, and manipulations based on color, national origin, or "racial" background and characteristics.
Careful evaluation of recent experiences shows that "integration'' actually describes the process by which a white society is (remains) set in a position to use, whenever it chooses to use and however it chooses to use, the best talents of nonwhite people. This power-web continues to build a society wherein the best contributions of Afro-Americans, in fact of all nonwhite people, would continue to be absorbed without note or exploited to benefit a fortunate few while the masses of both white and nonwhite people would remain unequal and unbenefited.
We are aware that many of us lack sufficient training and are deprived and unprepared as a result of oppression, discrimination, and the resulting discouragement, despair, and resignation. But when we are not qualified, and where we are unprepared, we must help each other and work out plans for bettering our own conditions as Afro-Americans. Then our assertions toward full opportunity can be made on the basis of equality as opposed to the calculated tokens of "integration." Therefore, we must reject this term as one used by all persons who intend to mislead Afro-Americans. Another term, "negro," is erroneously used and is degrading in the eyes of informed and self-respecting persons of African heritage. It denotes stereotyped and debased traits of character and classifies a whole segment of humanity on the basis of false information. From all intelligent viewpoints, it is a badge of slavery and helps to prolong and perpetuate oppression and discrimination.
Persons who recognize the emotional thrust and plain show of disrespect in the Southerner's use of "nigra" and the general use of "******" must also realize that all three words are essentially the same. The other two: "nigra" and "******" are blunt and undeceptive. The one representing respectability, "negro," is merely the Same substance in a polished package and spelled with a capital letter. This refinement is added so that a degrading terminology can be legitimately used in general literature and "polite" conversation without embarrassment.
The term "negro" developed from a word in the Spanish language which is actually an adjective (describing word) meaning "black," that is, the color black. In plain English, if someone said or was called a "black" or a "dark," even a young child would very naturally question. "A black what?" or "A dark what?" because adjectives do not name, they describe. Please take note that in order to make use of this mechanism, a word was transferred from another language and deceptively changed in function from an adjective to a noun, which is a naming word. Its application in the nominative (naming) sense was intentionally used to portray persons in a position of objects or "things." It stamps the article as being "all alike and all the same." It denotes: a "darkie," a slave, a subhuman, an ex-slave, a "negro."
Afro-Americans must reanalyze and particularly question our own use of this term, keeping in mind all the facts. In light of the historical meanings and current implications, all intelligent and informed Afro-Americans and Africans continue to reject its use in the noun form as well as a proper adjective. Its usage shall continue to be considered as unenlightened and objectionable or deliberately offensive whether in speech or writing.
We accept the use of Afro-American, African, and Black man in reference to persons of African heritage. To every other part of mankind goes this measure of just respect. We do not desire more nor shall we accept less.
Afro-Americans, like all other people, have human rights which are inalienable. This is, these human rights cannot be legally or justly transferred to another. Our human rights belong to us, as to all people, through God, not through the wishes nor according to the whims of other men.
We must consider that fact and other reasons why a pro-damnation of "Emancipation" should not be revered as a document of liberation. Any previous acceptance of and faith in such a document was based on sentiment, not on reality. This is a serious matter which we Afro-Americans must continue to reevaluate.
The original root-meaning of the word emancipation is: "To deliver up or make over as property by means of a formal act from a purchaser." We must take note and remember that human beings cannot be justly bought or sold nor can their human rights be legally or justly taken away.
Slavery was, and still is, a criminal institution, that is: crime en masse. No matter what form it takes: subtle rules and policies, apartheid, etc., slavery and oppression of human rights stand as major crimes against God and humanity. Therefore, to relegate or change the state of such criminal deeds by means of vague legislation and noble euphemisms gives an honor to horrible commitments that is totally inappropriate.
Full implications and concomitant harvests were generally misunderstood by our fore parents and are still misunderstood or avoided by some Afro-Americans today. However, the facts remain; and we, as enlightened Afro-Americans, will not praise and encourage any belief in "emancipation." Afro-Americans everywhere must realize that to retain faith in such an idea means acceptance of being property and, therefore, less than a human being. This matter is a crucial one that Afro-Americans must continue to reexamine.
The time is past due for us to internationalize the problems of Afro-Americans. We have been too slow in recognizing the link in the fate of Africans with the fate of Afro-Americans. We have been too unknowing to understand and too misdirected to ask our African brothers and sisters to help us mend the chain of our heritage.
Our African relatives who are in a majority in their own country have found it very difficult to gain independence from a minority. It is that much more difficult for Afro-Americans who are a minority away from the motherland and still oppressed by those who encourage the crushing of our African identity.
We can appreciate the material progress and recognize the opportunities available in the highly industrialized and affluent American society. Yet, we who are nonwhite face daily miseries resulting directly or indirectly from a systematic discrimination against us because of our God-given colors. These factors cause us to remember that our being born in America was an act of fate stemming from the separation of our fore parents from Africa; not by choice, but by force.
We have for many years been divided among ourselves through deceptions and misunderstandings created by our enslavers, but we do here and now express our desires and intent to draw closer and be restored in knowledge and spirit through renewed relations and kinships with the African peoples. We further realize that our human rights, so long suppressed, are the rights of all mankind everywhere.
In light of all of our experiences and knowledge of the past, we, as Afro-Americans, declare recognition, sympathy, and admiration for all peoples and nations who are striving, as we are, toward self-realization and complete freedom from oppression!
The civil rights bill is a similarly misleading, misinterpreted document of legislation. The premise of its design and application is not respectable in the eyes of men who recognize what personal freedom involves and entails. Afro-Americans must answer this question for themselves: What makes this special bill necessary.
The only document that is in order and deserved with regard to the acts perpetuated through slavery and oppression prolonged to this day is a Declaration of Condemnation. And the only legislation worthy of consideration or endorsement by Afro-Americans, the victims of these tragic institutions, is a Proclamation of Restitution. We Afro-Americans must keep these facts ever in mind.
We must continue to internationalize our philosophies and contacts toward assuming full human rights which include all the civil rights appertaining thereto. With complete understanding of our heritage as Afro-Americans, we must not do less.
Further Study and Research:
RBG Worldwide's Minister Malcolm X Classroom
Jazz is arguably the greatest cultural invention that has emerged from the United States. Often referred to as “America’s Classical Music", and certainly Afrikans in America classical music. jazz bridges the classical and the popular, resulting in an entirely unique and diverse genre. Jazz, as it is played today, can incorporate any other style of music, and is only limited by the imagination of its artists. This presentation represents an introduction to our latest main page uploads. We have included all for forms of media for your edification. It is music you can study to, learn from or just lay back relax and enjoy. Intended to be a favorite for the passionate music listener at RBG that is looking for a deep and artful mix of smooth and classical /bebop jazz instrumental music accented with iconic female jazz vocalist of yesterday and today.
Notables artist featured here and on the main pageof RBG Worldwide for members "add to my page" convenience include: John Coltrane, Sonny Rollins, Max Roach, Charlie Parker, Cannonball Adderley, Charles Mingus, Dexter Gordon, Dizzy Gillespie, Miles Davis, Thelonious Monk, Bob James David Sanborn Herb Alpert Spyro Gyra George Benson Earl Klugh Chuck Mangione Anita Baker Grover Washington, Jr...and many more more. At the full presentation site we have attached PDF readers and incorporated links/extensions for deep layered research and study.
Miles , Train, Bird and more Video
Notables artist featured here and on the main pageof RBG Worldwide for members "add to my page" convenience include: John Coltrane, Sonny Rollins, Max Roach, Charlie Parker, Cannonball Adderley, Charles Mingus, Dexter Gordon, Dizzy Gillespie, Miles Davis, Thelonious Monk, Bob James David Sanborn Herb Alpert Spyro Gyra George Benson Earl Klugh Chuck Mangione Anita Baker Grover Washington, Jr...and many more more.
At the full presentation site we have attached PDF readers and incorporated links/extensions for deep layered research and study.
/Click menu for more
"Negro music and culture are intrinsically improvisational, existential.
Nothing is sacred."
UCLA Education for Sustainable Living
Film courtesty of BRUIN CAST
The 19th century mantra if you wanted to prosper was … go west. The frontier offered unlimited opportunities. But, there were limits. My advice is to go back young man, go back young woman. Look at what your grandparents and great-grandparents ate? They obviously did something right—you’re sitting here, after all! They lived and carried on their line—it’s up to you now.
Burning Spear-Slavery days
THE MORE THINGS REMAIN THE SAME.
(Image and link embellishment is mines for enhanced learning / teaching purposes and further research. The images are from the 1960s / 70s (source link below) and are provided herein to further provoke thought. The point being, "The more things Change, The More Things Stay the Same)
Intro to Lesson: Mumia Abu Jamal "Is Obama's Victory Ours/Real Change"
Min. Farrakhan-Black Facts:
The Time for Reparations & Separation
While constituting roughly 13% of the total population, Black America represents nearly 30% of America's poor. That compares with 11%, or 16 million, whites, who live in poverty; and 27%, or 8 million, Latinos. Black family income is just 60% of white income, and 43% of all Black children live beneath the poverty line-a figure almost identical to that which existed on the day Martin Luther King was assassinated, and 4 times the average for western European countries.
Black children today are much more likely than whites to lack early pre-natal care, and have single mothers or unemployed parents. White Americans possess 12 times the average net worth of Blacks. Blacks are twice as likely as whites to be among the working poor-those who are employed at wages below the poverty level. 70% of elderly Blacks have no financial assets.
DRUGS & CRIME
For many Blacks, drug use (including alcohol) amounts to self-medication for depression rooted in hopelessness caused by white racism. This medical need is exploited by a corrupt society hell-bent on criminalizing the Black race. Blacks, who comprise only 13% of the population and account for about 13% of drug users, constitute 35% of all arrests for drug possession, 55% of all convictions on those charges, and 74% of all those sentenced to prison for possession. Blacks are incarcerated at a rate that is more than 6 times that of whites. In total, between 1980 and 1999, the incarceration rate for Blacks more than tripled from 1156 per 100,000, to 3,620 per 100,000. This is more than 4 times the rate of incarceration of Blacks in South Africa during the apartheid era.
The number of college-aged Black males in prisons and jails in the U.S., 583,000, is greater than the number of Black males enrolledin higher education, 537,000. On any given day, about 1 in 3 Blacks between the ages of 20 and 29 is in prison, on probation, or on parole. In 1999 nearly 1.5 million children in the U.S. had at least 1 parent in state or federal prison (up from less than 1 million in 1991). The Black male homicide rate is 7 times the white male rate. Black women are 18 times more likely to be raped than white women. The death penalty has been imposed in 682 capital cases since 1995. The U.S. attorney recommended the death penalty in 183 of them-of those cases 26% involved white defendants, 74% "minority." Blacks make up 40% of the death row population. Between 1989 and 1994, there was a 78% increase in the number of Black women under correctional supervision, the highest for all demographic groups within those years. Approximately 65% have children. The rate of imprisonment for Black women is more than 8 times that of white women.
There is strong evidence that AIDS is a disease created by white bio-chemists and deliberately released in Africa through vaccination programs. Blacks account for 30% of people with AIDS in America. 54% of children under age 13 with AIDS are Black. HIV/AIDS is the number 1 cause of death for Blacks aged 25 to 44. In recent years, the estimated incidence of HIV/AIDS has declined for every race except Blacks. In 1997, four times as many Latinos and eight times as many Blacks as whites contracted AIDS. Whites with HIV are far more likely to receive advanced drug therapy-a trend that slowed the white death rate from AIDS by 28% from 1995 to 1996, but by only 10% for Blacks. Blacks account for 57% of new infections of HIV and by the year 2005, African Americans will account for 60% of AIDS cases.
Blacks with prostate cancer are 2-3 times more likely to die than whites. African-American men have the highest rate of prostate cancer in the world. Blacks with lung cancer were 24% more likely than whites to die within 5 years. The death rate of middle-aged to elderly Black women from coronary heart disease is more than 70 percent higher than that for white women. Blacks and Latinos run a higher risk than whites of getting Alzheimer's disease, though it is virtually unheard of in Africa. Blacks have almost twice as many strokes as whites. Black males who suffer a stroke have a 95% higher death rate than whites-75% higher for Black women. 30% of Blacks are smokers, 23% of whites. Blacks are more likely to be obese and to have hypertension. For African Americans, high blood pressure is epidemic. It's the severe high blood pressure that leads to greater rates of stroke, heart attack, and kidney failure. Further, for African Americans, the darker the skin, the higher the blood pressure. Africans generally have low blood pressure. Blacks, in particular, receive outdated or far less aggressive treatment, even when their condition and health insurance are identical to those of whites. Doctors are less likely to perform high-tech, diagnostic procedures on Blacks and less likely to go to extreme measures to keep them alive if they go into cardiac arrest on the table. Whites are two-thirds more likely to receive kidney transplants than others. When hospitalized for pneumonia, whites are more likely to receive intensive care than Blacks are.
Twenty-five percent of Blacks in the U.S. have no health insurance. The rates of syphilis and gonorrhea are many times higher among Black teens than white. 90% of Black women suffer complications in pregnancy-a rate 3 times that of whites. Suicide now ranks among the top 10 major killers of Blacks in their teens to mid-40s. Sixty percent of all deaths of Black boys between 15 and 19 in 1990 were from guns. In 1997, that rate had dropped more than 40%, but was still more than 4 times the rate for their white peers. The Justice Department estimates that one out of every 21 Black men can expect to be murdered, a death rate double that of U. S. soldiers in World War II. A young Black male in America is more likely to die from gun fire than was any soldier in Vietnam.
62% of Black families (up from 23% in 1967) are now headed by single women. 67% of Black children (up from 17% in 1967) are born out of wedlock. The percentage of Black women who are married declined from 62% to 37% between 1950 and 1998. In the same period the percentage of never-married Black women doubled, from 21% to 41%. The pregnancy rate of young women 15-19 years old is twice that of whites. The rate of abortions is 50 per 1,000 pregnancies for Blacks, 17 per 1,000 for whites. Blacks account for 41% of all abortions. Blacks report higher rates of domestic violence than whites.
Black adult unemployment has remained twice as high as white unemployment for more than 30 years; 3 times as high among young people. Black women make 89% of what white women make; Black men make 67% of what white men make. 53% of Black men aged 25-34 are either unemployed or earn too little to lift a family of 4 from poverty. 21% of Black high-school graduates are unemployed, 10% of whites. 34.4% of Black high-school drop-outs are unemployed-18% of whites. Blacks hold only 10.1% of U.S. jobs and are dramatically underrepresented in many professions. They are only 3.2% of lawyers, 3% of doctors, and less than 1% of architects. Black males have both the lowest average level of educational attainment and the highest percentage-nearly 50%-of workers with more education than their jobs require. White males with a high-school diploma are just as likely to have a job, and tend to earn just as much as Black males with college degrees. Light-skinned Blacks have a 50% better chance of getting a job than dark-skinned Blacks. Blacks are rejected twice as often for small business loans than whites of comparable credit.
69% of Black children cannot read in the 4th grade, compared with 29% among white children. Only 12% of Black high-school seniors are "proficient" readers, while 54% have "below basic" reading skills. It is estimated that 40-44% of Blacks are functionally illiterate. Black children are almost 3 times more likely than white children to be labeled mentally retarded. Blacks are 2.5 times more likely to be placed in remedial or low-track classes. Even when Black students show potential that is equal to or above that of whites, they are 40% less likely to be placed in advanced or accelerated classes.
Two-thirds of "minorities" in public school fail to reach basic levels of national tests. There continue to be marked disparities between Black and white students in the national SAT scores. 32% of all suspended students are Black. Black students are twice as likely as whites to be suspended or expelled. The high-school dropout rate in some inner-city communities approaches 50%. Only 26% of Blacks who do finish high school go to college, while 37% of whites go. College-educated Blacks are 4 times more likely than whites to experience unemployment. Black women account for nearly all of the gains made in Black enrollment in higher education since the mid-1980s. At Black colleges women make up 60% of enrollment and 80% of the honor rolls. Babies with poorly educated mothers are more likely to die in the first year or have chronic health problems growing up.
For the actual stories behind these images see: American Pictures: Insights about oppression
Post Script: "And The Beat Goes No"
Wise Intelligent - Globe Holders, Video by capone662
This muti-media essay (a course in and of itself for those who study the extensions/link in conjunction) has been intended to charge the Hip Hop generation to take the torch of our ongoing struggle for National Liberation and Self Determination as "New Afrikan Peoples"; based on drawing lessons from those that have preceded us.
And Now for Our School's Required Textbook Author,
Dr. Amos Wilson (RIU) and Blue Print for Black Power
Osirian Myth - Dr. Naim Akbar
The Osirian Cycle
Now, Great Re had at last grown old. He saw that man had become fearful and angry. They had made the first weapons, and attacked anyone who might be an enemy of the Sun God.
Sadly, Re chose to leave the Divine Throne and moved far away from the land; He moved where He could still see mankind, but be far out of their reach. He made the stars and scattered them along the belly of Nuit. He made the Field of Peace and the Field of Reeds as homes for the blessed dead. Finally, He summoned Wise Thoth. He spake unto Him and said, "See, I will shine here in the heavens. I will light the sky above and the sky below. You must represent Me on earth, and record the deeds of men." He then created the Ibis form of Thoth, and made Him the Scribe of the Gods.
When Re was in the underworld, the world was engulfed in Darkness, and men were afraid; They wept for the loss of the Sun God. Their cries reached Re Himself, and the Divine One also transformed Thoth into the Great White Baboon. Thoth shone with a silvery Light, and man no longer feared the sinking of the Sun. This was the mercy of Re to the children of His tears.
Finally, Re commanded Geb and Nun to guard the world against the Serpents of Chaos; and He set His Great Grandson, Osiris, Lord of Eternity, as the new Pharoah of Egypt, and made Isis it's Queen.
Osiris proved to be a wise and kindly ruler. He taught man how to irrigate the land from the flood-waters of the Nile, and to grow crops therefrom. He taught them how to know and worship the Gods. He gave them the law of the land. He guided them away from canabalism and incest, and brought civilization to the people.
Soon, the Great Pharoah had brought a Golden Age to Egypt, and He set off to share His wisdom with distant countries as well. Isis was left in his place, and She ruled as well as Osiris Himself had done. Her brother, Seth, Dark Lord of Storm, She watched as a mongoose eyes the cobra. For Seth coveted the Throne of Osiris for His own.
When Osiris returned to Egypt, Seth had designed a plot for His overthrow with the aid of seventy-two conspirators. A banquet had been planned in honor of Osiris; one that Cunning Isis would not be attending. During the festivities, Seth began to speak of a splendid chest that had been made for Him. He sent for the chest, and all present admired the fine wood and gilding. Seth declared that He would gift the chest to any man who could fit it exactly.
Each man, in his turn, laid within the chest. Some were too short, and others too tall. Seth knew that only Osiris would fit the chest exactly, for he had constructed it to Osiris' exact measurements. Osiris' turn came, and He lay trustingly back into the chest, fitting snuggly within it. There was laughter among the guests who thought that Seth had lost His prize to the Pharoah. Seth signaled his conspirators, and the chest was immediately slammed shut and locked.
The chest was carried in the dark of night to a branch of the Nile, and was tossed into the cold waters. Seth then declared the death of the King, and crowned Himself King of Egypt.
When Isis came to know of Her husband's death, she became half mad with grief. She cuff off a lock of Her hair and dressed in widow's clothing. She then went out in search of Her husband's body.
During Her travels, Isis came to learn that Osiris had known Her sister Nephthys. From that union had been born a child- Anubis- but Nephthys had turned Him away at birth. And so Kindly Isis tracked Him with the help of dogs, and raised Him to be Her guardian and attendant.
Form village to village She traveled, until finally She found that the chest had come to rest in the land of Byblos. It had been entangled in the roots of a young sapling. Strengthend by the murdered God, it had grown in a single night into a tall and graceful tree. When the King of Byblos heard of this marvel, he had sent for the tree to be made into a pillar for his palace. No one suspected that the tree contained a coffin within it's trunk.
Isis heard of this and made Her way into the palace, residing there for many months. At last she convinced the Queen of Byblos to give Her the pillar, and she cut it open to reveal the coffin inside. She was given the best boat in Byblos, and She journed home to Egypt; finally hiding Osiris' body in the marshes by the Nile.
One night, whilst Mighty Isis slept, Seth happened upon the Dead King. In a fury, He tore the body of Osiris into fourteen pieces and scattered them throughout Egypt to ensure they would not all be found.
When Isis found the empty coffin, Her cries reached unto the heavens; even unto the ears of Her beloved Nephthys. She came to Isis' side, and the two sisters searched the land for the scattered body of Osiris. For many sad years the Daughters of Nuit wandered through Egypt. Everywhere They found a fragment They built a shrine. At last, all the pieces were gathered; with the exception of the God's phallus. Isis reassembled Osiris' body, and fashioned a phallus of pure gold to replace the lost member. She wrapped the body in cloth and perfumed it with many scents. Thus was Osiris whole again, and mummification was created.
Isis then transformed Herself into the form of a swallow, and with Her wings She fanned the Breath of Life into Her husband. The Lord of Eternity arose, restored to life at last. But it was only to last for the length of one night, so that He and Isis could conceive their Divine Son Horus. Because of the loss of His phallus, He could not return to the land of the living. Instead, Re-Atum made Him the King of the Dead in the relm of the Beautiful West. From that time onwards, every Egyptian knew that death was nothing to fear, for his spirit would live on in the Kingdom of Osiris.
Even Horus could not have been come into being had not His Half-Brother Anubis sacrificed a day of His own life so that Horus could be born. The Young God lived a perilous childhood, yet survived to grow strong and proud. Soon He came of age and set out to fullfill His destiny- to pull the Crown from His uncle, Seth, and thus avenge His Father's death and claim His place as rightful Heir to the Throne.
Further Research and Study:
List of Mythological Deities
. . Aker..........................The double lion god.
. . Amun................................The hidden one.
. . Ammut.............................The devourer.
. . Anubis..............................The jackal.
. . Aten..................................Lord of all.
. . Bastet...............................The Tearer.
. . Geb................................. Great Cackler.
. . Hapi................................Father of the gods.
. . Hathor.............................. Mistress of heaven.
. . Horus...............................He who is above.
. . Isis................................... The throne.
. . Khepri.............................. He who comes into existence.
. . Khnum..............................Lord of the cool waters.
. . Maat.................................The goddess of truth.
. . Min...................................Chief of Heaven.
. . Mut...................................Lady of Heaven.
. . Neith................................ Great Goddess.
. . Nephthys.......................... Lady of the house.
. . Nut................................... The Sky.
. . Osiris................................King of the dead.
. . Ptah.................................. The Opener.
. . Ra.................................. Father of the gods.
. . Sekhmet........................... Mighty One.
. . Seshat............................. Lady of the Library.
. . Seth.................................. Lord of Upper Egypt.
. . Sobek............................... He who causes to be fertile.
. . Taurt................................ The great lady.
. . Thoth............................... The great measurer.